Overall
Why Prepare?
Citizen
Local
State
Federal

Basic Preparedness
Getting Informed
Planning and Checklists
Special Needs
Disaster Supplies Kit
Shelter
Others

Natural Hazards
Floods
Hurricanes
Thunderstorms and lightning
Tornadoes
Winter storms and extreme cold
Extreme heat
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Landslides and debris flow
Tsunamis
Fires
Wildfires

Technological Hazards
Hazardous materials incidents
Household chemical emergencies
Nuclear power plant emergencies

Terrorism
Explosions
Biological threats
Chemical threats
Nuclear blasts
Radiological dispersion device events

Recovering from Disaster
Health and safety guidelines
Returning home
Seeking disaster assistance
Coping with disaster
Helping others
 

Local

The local level is the second tier of the pyramid and is made up of paid employees and volunteers from both private and public sectors. These individuals are trained in preventing emergencies from happening and to respond if something does occur. Most emergencies are handled at the local level, which puts a tremendous responsibility on the community for taking care of its citizens. Among the responsibilities faced by local officials are:

Identifying hazards and assessing potential risk to the community
Enforcing building codes, zoning ordinances and land-use management programs

Coordinating emergency plans to ensure a quick and effective response

Fighting fires and responding to hazardous materials incidents

Establishing warning systems

Stocking emergency supplies and equipment

Assessing damage and identifying needs

Evacuating the community to safer locations

Taking care of the injured

Sheltering those who cannot remain in their homes

Aiding recovery efforts