Overall
Why Prepare?
Citizen
Local
State
Federal

Basic Preparedness
Getting Informed
Planning and Checklists
Special Needs
Disaster Supplies Kit
Shelter
Others

Natural Hazards
Floods
Hurricanes
Thunderstorms and lightning
Tornadoes
Winter storms and extreme cold
Extreme heat
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Landslides and debris flow
Tsunamis
Fires
Wildfires

Technological Hazards
Hazardous materials incidents
Household chemical emergencies
Nuclear power plant emergencies

Terrorism
Explosions
Biological threats
Chemical threats
Nuclear blasts
Radiological dispersion device events

Recovering from Disaster
Health and safety guidelines
Returning home
Seeking disaster assistance
Coping with disaster
Helping others
 

Seeking Disaster Assistance
Throughout the recovery period, it is important to monitor local radio or television reports and other media sources for information about where to get emergency housing, food, first aid, clothing and financial assistance. The following section provides general information about the kinds of assistance that may be available.

What is Direct Assistance?

Direct assistance to individuals and families may come from any number of organizations, including:

American Red Cross

Salvation Army

Other volunteer organizations
These organizations provide food, shelter, supplies and assist in clean-up efforts.

What is the Federal Role?

In the most severe disasters, the federal government is also called in to help individuals and families with temporary housing, counseling, low-interest loans, grants and other assistance. The federal government also has programs that help small businesses and farmers.
Most federal assistance becomes available when the President of the United States announces an emergency declaration for the affected area at the request of a state governor. FEMA will provide information through the media and community outreach about federal assistance and how to apply.